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ENG101 Library Research Strategy

ENG101 Library Research Strategy

#Refining: Evaluate Results

Importance of Evaluating Websites

Whenever you are in doubt if a book or article is scholarly, apply the criteria listed below to the work in question.  This CRAAP Test will help determine if you have found a scholarly work.

The 5 criteria of the CRAAP Test:

  • Currency: When was the article or content written? Is it current, timely? Is it out of date? Could the information be written in a historic context
  • Relevance: Is the information appropriate for the topic? Who is the intended audience
  • Authority: Who wrote the article? Professionals in the field? General public? What are the author's credentials? 
  • Accuracy: Could the magazine article information be verified through other sources?
  • Purpose: Is someone trying to persuade the audience to see a point of view or opinion? Is the information provided to promote or sell a product?  Is the information fact or opinion?


The video below will help explain the CRAAP Test. (Skip any beginning ads/commercials.)

-- created by BMS LMC

                            The URL of a website can tell you a lot about the type of information you will find there. 

Do you know the difference between a .COM and .GOV URL?

These sites should never be used for scholarly or academic research:

  • Blogs
  • Answer pages
  • Wiki pages

REMEMBER: No one is policing the web to make sure everything on the web is accurate or true.